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Scientific References

High Volatile Anaesthetic Conservation with a Digital In-line Vaporizer and a Reflector

A Mashari, L Fedorko, J A Fisher, M Klein, M Wąsowicz, M Meineri. PMID: 29068042. DOI: 10.1111/aas.13017
Background: A volatile anaesthetic (VA) reflector can reduce VA consumption (VAC) at the cost of fine control of its delivery and CO2 accumulation. A digital in-line vaporizer and a second CO2 absorber circumvent both of these limitations. We hypothesized that the combination of a VA reflector with an in-line vaporizer would yield substantial VA conservation, independent of fresh gas flow (FGF) in a circle circuit, and provide fine control of inspired VA concentrations.